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Background on the Management of Acute & Chronic Pain Resources – Provider Resources

An overview of acute and chronic pain and a general overview on how to manage it, geared toward providers.

Overview of Acute Vs. Chronic Pain

Understanding pain

  • Find information on acute vs. chronic pain, the causes of pain, the pain pathway, and the impact of pain.

Acute vs. Chronic Pain

  • Know the difference between acute and chronic pain.

Medical Management of Acute & Chronic Pain


For information on non-medical pain management options, visit the Non-Pharmacological Options for Pain Management section of this toolkit.


Medical Management of Acute Pain

  • Visit this site to learn about the types of acute pain, treatment options including simple and topical analgesics and opioids.

Opioids and Treatment of Chronic Pain: Understanding Pain Patterns and the Role for Rapid-Onset Opioids

  • This site provides information on types of pain and how best to manage these categories of pain with opioids.
  • Medscape login required to read full text of article 

The Effectiveness and Risks of Long-Term Opioid Therapy for Chronic Pain: A Systematic Review for a National Institutes of Health Pathways to Prevention Workshop

  • This article evaluates the effectiveness and risks of opioid therapy lasting longer than 3 months for chronic pain in adults.

Opioids for the Treatment of Chronic Pain: Mistakes Made, Lessons Learned, and Future Directions

  • This article discusses the history of opioid treatment for chronic pain and provides information to guide the future of chronic pain management.

American Society of Anesthesiologists: Pain Management

  • This site provides information on types of pain, as well as opioid and non-opioid treatment.

Practical Pain Management: Clinical Practice Guidelines

  • Visit this site for information on clinical practice guidelines for opioids.

Practical Pain Management: Opioid Calculator

  • Use this opioid calculator to calculate an opioid starting dose for an opioid-naïve patient or perform an opioid conversion-dose calculation.

The Psychiatric Model of Treating Chronic Pain

  • Psychiatric illnesses do not need to be present in order for the psychiatric model to be successfully used in achieving the multidisciplinary goal of biopsychosocial balance. Learn more about the use of a psychiatric model of treating chronic pain.

CDC Guidelines for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain

Non-opioid and non-pharmacologic options are preferred for chronic pain. However, there are times when opioids may be needed.

CDC Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain

  • CDC developed and published the CDC Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain to provide recommendations for the prescribing of opioid pain medication for patients 18 and older in primary care settings. Recommendations focus on the use of opioids in treating chronic pain (pain lasting longer than 3 months or past the time of normal tissue healing) outside of active cancer treatment, palliative care, and end-of-life care.

Guideline Resources

  • Find resources that will help improve communication between providers and patients about the risks and benefits of opioid therapy for chronic pain, improve the safety and effectiveness of pain treatment, and reduce the risks associated with long-term opioid therapy, including opioid use disorder, overdose, and death.

Continuing Education on Pain Management

Michigan OPEN: Perioperative Pain Management and Care Coordination

  • Free Online Course | Continuing Education Credit
  • This evidence-based educational opportunity will empower clinicians to directly impact the opioid epidemic by learning and implementing best-practice care management during the perioperative period. The combined modules, designed primarily for surgeons, primary care physicians, Advanced Practice Providers, and residents, satisfy Michigan’s licensure requirement of three hours of pain and symptom management continuing medical education (CME) credits.


  • Module 1: The Role of Acute Care Prescribing in the Opioid Epidemic
  • Module 2: Perioperative Pain Care Management

Impacting the Opioid Crisis: Prevention, Education, and Practice for Non-Prescribing Providers Massive Open Online Course

  • Free Online Course | Continuing Education Credit
  • This course will empower non-prescribing providers to directly impact the ongoing opioid crisis in the United States through increased knowledge and tools that will transform practice and policies. The course will inform you about the opioid epidemic and provide information and research about evidence-based strategies that are focused on prevention, intervention, education, or policy.

For more general information on pain management, tailored toward patients and families: