Adolescent Sexual Violence: A Longitudinal Examination of Outcomes and Risk

Project Title: Adolescent Sexual Violence: A Longitudinal Examination of Outcomes and Risk
PI name(s): Quyen Ngo,
Co-I name(s): Carol J. Boyd, Yasamin Kusunoki, Funding (sponsor): National Institute of Health

Summary

This study addresses this significant gap in the literature. It uses a rich, community-based sample of diverse adolescents from the Secondary Student Life Survey study to identify longitudinal trajectories of peer SV perpetration and victimization among male and female adolescents.

Abstract

In the U.S., approximately 1 youth in 10 reports experiencing sexual violence (SV), although this is believed to be an underestimate given that many incidences are unreported. SV is associated with a myriad of negative health consequences, including psychological distress and trauma, severe injury, unintended pregnancy, sexually transmitted infections, and repeated victimization. Evidence suggests that SV perpetrators often begin patterns of aggression during adolescence, yet the research on adolescent SV is sparse. In particular, we know little about female perpetrators of SV, male victims of SV, or how adolescent SV changes over time. This study addresses this significant gap in the literature. It uses a rich, community-based sample of diverse adolescents from the Secondary Student Life Survey study to identify longitudinal trajectories of peer SV perpetration and victimization among male and female adolescents. It also examines the consequences of SV – and the associated individual-level behavioral, psychosocial, familial, and community factors – both at the time of the initial assessment and over a 4-year period.